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The animating or vital principle in humans and animals; that which gives life to the body, in contrast to its purely material being; the life force, the breath of life. Sometimes with implication of other senses. In expressions indicating or implying that this principle has been diminished or has ceased, causing unconsciousness or death, or that it has recovered, causing consciousness or life to return.
In various biblical passages e. In extended and figurative use. Frequently collocated with life ; cf. Phrases 10b. In quot. The immaterial aspect of a person, considered as a separable part of a person which persists after death ; esp. Frequently in phrases referring to a person's death. Sometimes conceived as an agent capable of acting and experiencing independently of the body, and hence in early use denoting the faculty of the imagination. Sometimes regarded as identical in nature with the incorporeal beings defined at sense 10a. Also figurative. As a mass noun. Incorporeal, immaterial, or abstract being, as opposed to body or matter ; being or intelligence conceived as distinct from, Free spirited soul seeking Sandusky independent of, anything physical or material.
In Hegelian and Idealist philosophy, sometimes coloured by sense 18b. Without article or possessive. Frequently with in. Phrases 2a. With reference to a particular person. Chiefly with possessive adjective or genitive. In early use e. With thewith reference to human beings in general. Hostility, animosity. Obsolete except as merged in sense 6. Courage; boldness, assertiveness, mettle. Frequently in man or woman of spirit. A person's mood or emotional state, esp. Frequently with qualifying adjective, esp.
Possibly in origin an extended use of sense 21a. Alternatively, quot. With quot. A positive emotional state; vivacity, liveliness, cheerfulness. Reflective or perceptive faculties; mental powers; senses, wits. A person's nature, character, or temperament. Of a thing. Of a person, or his or her actions, speech, etc. An incorporeal, supernatural, rational being, of a type usually regarded as imperceptible to humans but capable of becoming visible at will, and frequently esp.
Often with modifying word or phrase indicating the nature or character of the being, or the context or environment with which it is associated. Often with thedenoting a particular being. Such a being imagined or conceived as possessing and controlling a person.
In generalized sense: any being as God, a human, a personification, etc. A kidnapper, an abductor; spec. A young assistant in a printing office. Apparently in reference to such assistants getting covered in ink in the course of their work see quot. The bufflehead, Bucephala albeolaa North American diving duck; cf. A person who is Free spirited soul seeking Sandusky by others as though invisible; a pariah.
Breath; also the act of breathing, respiration. In later use with consciousness of the word's etymology. A wind; a movement of wind or air. In later use poetic and associated with other senses. A melody, a tune; an air air n. With the and usually capital initial. In other constructions. The active power of some emotion, disposition, motivation, etc. With indefinite article.
An impulse, tendency, inclination, etc. A particular usually specified character, disposition, or outlook existing in or animating a person or group of people. In later use often with modifier denoting the feeling of common purpose and camaraderie shared by a group; see community spiritteam spiritetc. In adverbial phrases indicating the attitude, disposition, or frame of mind with which something is done, considered, or viewed.
The essential character, nature, or qualities of something. The defining character or mood of a particular period, esp. Chiefly with the. The general intent or true meaning underlying a law, statement, etc. Often contrasted or collocated with letter see letter n.
Probably suggested by the contrast between spirit and letter in 2 Cor. With modifying adjective. Obsolete rare in later use. Usually with modifying adjective. A person viewed as the guiding or animating principle behind a group, movement, activity, etc. Recorded earliest in moving spirit n. Also: any of several substances believed to be made from this in the brain, liver, and certain other organs, and to be responsible for specific body functions see animal spirit n.
Compounds 2. Also in plural. Now historical. In plural. Vital power or energy; the normal operation of the vital functions. Obsolete except as merged with sense 7a archaic in later use. Each of the four substances mercury, sulphur, sal ammoniac, and orpiment. They played an important role in the theory and attempted practice of transmutation. An essence, distilled extract, or alcoholic solution of a specified substance.
Frequently in pluralesp. Now chiefly historical. Recorded earliest in spirit of wine. A liquid obtained by distillation or containing volatile components extracted by distillation; an acid, fuel, solvent, alcoholic solution, etc. Also as a mass noun and in plural : liquid of this nature, esp.
Often now chiefly historical with of —— in names of particular substances: see 23a. Usually in plural. Strong distilled alcoholic liquor used for drinking, such as brandy, whisky, gin, and rum; as a count noun any particular kind of this. Dew, conceived of as a substance drawn out of the earth by the sun's rays. A subtle or intangible element or principle in material things. A substance present in the atmosphere which sustains life.
Compounds 1f c i. With allusion to Mark and parallel passages. Hence prayer in the Spiritpraying in the Spirit. Originally: in a prophetic trance or state of inspiration. In later use chiefly in weakened sense: in the mind's eye, inwardly. As an unseen presence, typically one providing encouragement or moral support.
In early use denoting an unseen but real presence; later chiefly denoting the felt presence of someone not physically present. Originally with allusion to Matthew Chiefly in the context of prayer or worship. Phrases 3k a. Preoccupation with worldly or materialistic concerns, regarded as an animating force or principle, esp. Compounds 8. An animating substance, supposedly a blend of salt, sulphur, and mercury, held to permeate living beings and their surroundings; cf.
Now somewhat archaic. Frequently in to enter also get into the spirit of things. Some examples were originally used specifically in the context of spiritualism see Compounds 1a b but now have a wider application. With present participles, agent nouns, and occasionally verbal nouns, forming compounds in which spirit expresses the object of the underlying verb, as in spirit-charmerspirit-crushingspirit-drainingspirit-hunterspirit-liftingspirit-mongerspirit-rousingetc.
In various other types of compound, as in spirit-purespirit-tonguedspirit-wingedetc. Chiefly poetic. Spirit baptism n. Compounds 1a b. Compounds 1c. Philosophy an absolutely simple, non-physical entity; cf.
Spirit photographs were first produced by U. Mumler —84 by means of double exposure. See etymological note at spirit wall n. They are held to prevent the entrance of hostile spirits, which in Chinese tradition move only in straight lines, and are therefore repelled by such barriers.
Obsolete rare. Also spirit colour. With participles, verbal nouns, and agent nouns, forming compounds in which spirit expresses the object of the underlying verb, as in spirit drinkerspirit drinkingspirit selleretc.Free spirited soul seeking Sandusky
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